Enkhuizen
Harbour of Enkhuizen
Harbour of Enkhuizen
Highlighted position of Enkhuizen in a municipal map of North Holland
Location in North Holland
Coordinates: 52°42′N 5°18′E / 52.700°N 5.300°E / 52.700; 5.300Coordinates: 52°42′N 5°18′E / 52.700°N 5.300°E / 52.700; 5.300
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceNorth Holland
Government
 • BodyMunicipal council
 • MayorJan Baas (PvdA)
Area
 • Total116.25 km2 (44.88 sq mi)
 • Land12.42 km2 (4.80 sq mi)
 • Water103.83 km2 (40.09 sq mi)
Elevation3 m (10 ft)
Population
 (August 2017)[4]
 • Total18,480
 • Density1,488/km2 (3,850/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Enkhuizer
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
1600–1602
Area code0228
Websitewww.enkhuizen.nl
Dutch Topographic map of Enkhuizen, June 2015

Enkhuizen [ɛŋkˈɦœy̯zə(n)] (About this soundlisten) is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland and the region of West-Frisia.

History

YearPop.±% p.a.
13981,900—    
14773,500+0.78%
14943,175−0.57%
15143,600+0.63%
15534,450+0.54%
15575,500+5.44%
15617,750+8.95%
162221,878+1.72%
163219,150−1.32%
173210,420−0.61%
17956,803−0.67%
Source: Lourens & Lucassen 1997, pp. 59–60

Enkhuizen was one of the harbour-towns of the VOC, just like Hoorn and Amsterdam, from where overseas trade with the East Indies was conducted. It received city rights in 1355. In the mid-17th century, Enkhuizen was at the peak of its power and was one of the most important harbour cities in the Netherlands. However, due to a variety of reasons, notably the silting up of the harbours, Enkhuizen lost its position to Amsterdam.

Tourism

Enkhuizen has one of the largest marinas in the Netherlands. Zuiderzeemuseum is located in Enkhuizen. Architecturally, the Drommedaris is the oldest building in Enkhuizen, from 1540. Tourists take boat trips to and from the port to Medemblik.[5]

Industry

Industrially, Enkhuizen is home to a number of seed production companies, Enza Zaden, Syngenta, Monsanto,as well as a plastics factory. Tourism is a large part of the economy, too.

Population centres

The municipality of Enkhuizen consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: Enkhuizen, Oosterdijk, Westeinde.

Local government

The municipal council of Enkhuizen consists of 17 seats, which are divided as follows: