French Navy
Marine Nationale
Logo of the French Navy (Marine Nationale).svg
Logo of the Marine Nationale since 1990.
Active1624–present
Country France
TypeNavy
RoleNaval warfare
Size36,331 personnel (2016)[1] and 2800 civilians (2014)
180 ships[2]
210 aircraft[1]
Garrison/HQMain: Brest, Île Longue, Toulon
Secondary: Cherbourg, Lorient
French overseas territories: Fort de France, Degrad des Cannes, Port des Galets, Dzaoudzi, Nouméa, Papeete
Overseas: Dakar, Djibouti, Abu Dhabi
Nickname(s)La Royale
Motto(s)Honneur, patrie, valeur, discipline
("Honour, homeland, valour, discipline")
ColoursBlue, white, red
ShipsCurrent fleet
Engagements
Websitewww.etremarin.fr
Commanders
Chef d'État-Major de La Marine, CEMMAmiral Christophe Prazuck
Major Général de La MarineAmiral Denis Béraud
Insignia
InsigniaRanks in the French Navy
Naval ensign
Civil and Naval Ensign of France.svg
Aircraft flown
AttackRafale M
Electronic
warfare
Hawkeye
FighterRafale M
HelicopterNH90, Eurocopter Lynx, Panther, Dauphin
Utility helicopterAlouette III
PatrolAtlantique 2, Falcon 50, Falcon 200
TrainerMudry CAP 10, MS-88 Rallye, Falcon 10, Xingu

The French Navy (French: Marine Nationale, lit. National Navy), informally "La Royale", is the maritime arm of the French Armed Forces. Dating back to 1624, the French Navy is one of the world's oldest naval forces. It has participated in conflicts around the globe and played a key part in establishing the French colonial empire.

The French Navy consists of six main branches and various services: the Force d'Action Navale, the Forces Sous-marines (FOST, ESNA), the Maritime Force of Naval Aeronautics, the Fusiliers Marins (including Commandos Marine), the Marins Pompiers, and the Maritime Gendarmerie.

As of June 2014, the French Navy employed a total of 36,776 personnel along with 2,800 civilians. Its reserve element consisted of 4,827 personnel of the Operational Reserve.[3] As a blue-water navy, it operates a wide range of fighting vessels, which include the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle, various aeronaval forces, attack submarines and ballistic missile submarines, frigates, patrol boats and support ships.

Origins

The history of French naval power dates back to the Middle Ages, and had three loci of evolution: