|Country||Republic of China (Taiwan)|
|Largest city||Zhubei City|
|Boroughs||1 cities, 12 (3 urban, 9 rural) townships|
|• County Magistrate||Yang Wen-ke (KMT)|
|• Total||1,427.59 km2 (551.20 sq mi)|
|Area rank||12 of 22|
|• Rank||11 of 22|
|• Density||380/km2 (990/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (National Standard Time)|
|Bird||Muller's barbet (Megalaima oorti)|
|Tree||Broad-leaved podocarpus (Nageia nagi)|
Hsinchu County (Mandarin Pīnyīn: Xīnzhú Xiàn; Hakka PFS: Sîn-chuk-yen; Hokkien POJ: Sin-tek-koān) is a county in north-western Taiwan. The population of the county is mainly Hakka; there is a Taiwanese aboriginal minority in the southeastern part of the county. Zhubei is the county capital, where the government office and county office is located. A portion of the Hsinchu Science Park is located in Hsinchu County.
Before the arrival of Han people, the Hsinchu area was the homeland of Taokas Pingpu, Saisiyat, and Atayal tribes. In 1626, after Spain occupied northern Taiwan, Spanish missionaries arrived at Teckcham (Chinese: 竹塹; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tek-khàm). Fukienese (Hoklo) and Hakka people came during the Ming Dynasty era (1368-1644) and began to cultivate the land from the plains near the sea towards the river valleys and hills.
In 1684, Zhuluo County was established during Qing Dynasty rule, and Han people again cultivated the Teckcham area. Teckcham was first settled by Han Chinese in 1711 and renamed Hsinchu in 1875. Hsinchu was a part of Taipeh Prefecture. In the late 19th century, Hoklo people dominated the coastal plain area, forcing the Saisiyat and Atayal tribes to move to Jianshi and Wufeng area, while the Hakka and Taokas plains tribes settled together in the river valleys and hills area.
Hsinchu County is located at the northwest part of Taiwan Island. It borders Taoyuan City to the north, Miaoli County to the south, Taiwan Strait to the west and Xueshan and Dabajian Mountain to the east. With an area spanning up to 1,427.59 km2 (551.20 sq mi), Hsinchu County area composed mainly of uplands, tablelands and mountains, except for the alluvial plains of the Fengshan River and Touqian River mouth area and partial ancient river land.
The average climate in Hsinchu County is mild.
Hsinchu County controls 1 city, 3 urban townships, 6 rural townships and 2 mountain indigenous townships. Zhubei City is the seat of Hsinchu County which houses the Hsinchu County Government and Hsinchu County Council. The incumbent Magistrate of Hsinchu County is Yang Wen-ke of the Kuomintang. The administrative division of the county are:
|Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan". Ministry of the Interior Population Census.|
The population of the county consists of Hakka, Hoklo, aborigines and new immigrants. The Hakka people constituted around 84% of the total population in 2014, while the aborigines consisted mainly of Atayal and Saisiyat people. As of January 2017, the total population was 547,794, with 267,599 females and 280,195 males in 187,644 households.
After the founding of Hsinchu Science Park in 1980, a high number of high-tech industries began to grow and expand outside the park, attracting workers coming to work and settle in the county.
Education in Hsinchu County is administered by the Education Department of Hsinchu County Government. The county is home to the Minghsin University of Science and Technology and Ta Hwa University of Science and Technology.
Hsinchu County houses the Baoshan Dam, supplying cooling water for factories in the Hsinchu Science Park and neighboring Hsinchu City. The dam can contain water up to 5,470,000 m3 with a catchment area of 3.2 km2 (1.2 sq mi).
The Hsinchu Station of the Taiwan High Speed Rail is located in the county at Zhubei City. Hsinchu County is crossed by three Taiwan Railways Administration lines, which are the Liujia Line, Neiwan Line and Western Line.